Intraperitoneal Catheters: Percutaneous Placement with Fluoroscopic Guidance

I. Ray Kirk, C. Humberto Carrasco, David D. Lawrence, Vincent P. Chuang, William R. Richli, Chusilp Charnsangavej, John J. Kavanagh, Andrzej P. Kudelka, Ralph S. Freedman, Avi B. Markowitz

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    11 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    The authors reviewed their experience with percutaneous placement of catheters into the peritoneal cavity for the administration of intraperitoneal chemotherapy to determine if their approach resulted in a lower complication rate than the reported 12%–16% rate and to demonstrate the technical advantages over surgically placed catheters. Seventy-six patients with gastrointestinal or gynecologic malignancies underwent 152 procedures during a 20-month period. The catheters were used to deliver antineoplastic agents and, in some patients, to drain ascites. Catheter insertion was performed with local anesthesia and a modified Seldinger technique. A 5-F catheter was used in 89% of procedures; in the remainder, the catheter was of a larger caliber. The procedure was successful in 145 (95%) instances and failed in seven (5%) attempts because of peritoneal adhesions. The catheters remained in place for less than 2 days in 56%, 2–10 days in 25%, and more than 10 days in 19% of patients. One catheter remained in place for 15 weeks. Complications occurred in seven procedures (5%). Four cases of mild peritonitis responded to a brief course of intravenously administered antibiotics, and severe pain in two patients required premature catheter removal. A single case of inadvertent transcolonic catheter placement occurred without adverse sequelae to the patient. Intraperitoneal catheterization can be performed with local anesthesia by using a simple technique with a very low complication rate. The catheters can remain in place for prolonged periods without significant risks.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)299-304
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
    Volume4
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 1993

    Keywords

    • Catheters and catheterization, technology, 791.1266
    • Chemotherapeutic infusion, 791.1266
    • Peritoneum, neoplasms, 791.1266, 791.33

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
    • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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  • Cite this

    Kirk, I. R., Carrasco, C. H., Lawrence, D. D., Chuang, V. P., Richli, W. R., Charnsangavej, C., Kavanagh, J. J., Kudelka, A. P., Freedman, R. S., & Markowitz, A. B. (1993). Intraperitoneal Catheters: Percutaneous Placement with Fluoroscopic Guidance. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, 4(2), 299-304. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1051-0443(93)71864-3