Intraperitoneal Catheters: Percutaneous Placement with Fluoroscopic Guidance

I. Ray Kirk, C. Humberto Carrasco, David D. Lawrence, Vincent P. Chuang, William R. Richli, Chusilp Charnsangavej, John J. Kavanagh, Andrzej P. Kudelka, Ralph S. Freedman, Avi B. Markowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


The authors reviewed their experience with percutaneous placement of catheters into the peritoneal cavity for the administration of intraperitoneal chemotherapy to determine if their approach resulted in a lower complication rate than the reported 12%–16% rate and to demonstrate the technical advantages over surgically placed catheters. Seventy-six patients with gastrointestinal or gynecologic malignancies underwent 152 procedures during a 20-month period. The catheters were used to deliver antineoplastic agents and, in some patients, to drain ascites. Catheter insertion was performed with local anesthesia and a modified Seldinger technique. A 5-F catheter was used in 89% of procedures; in the remainder, the catheter was of a larger caliber. The procedure was successful in 145 (95%) instances and failed in seven (5%) attempts because of peritoneal adhesions. The catheters remained in place for less than 2 days in 56%, 2–10 days in 25%, and more than 10 days in 19% of patients. One catheter remained in place for 15 weeks. Complications occurred in seven procedures (5%). Four cases of mild peritonitis responded to a brief course of intravenously administered antibiotics, and severe pain in two patients required premature catheter removal. A single case of inadvertent transcolonic catheter placement occurred without adverse sequelae to the patient. Intraperitoneal catheterization can be performed with local anesthesia by using a simple technique with a very low complication rate. The catheters can remain in place for prolonged periods without significant risks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)299-304
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes


  • Catheters and catheterization, technology, 791.1266
  • Chemotherapeutic infusion, 791.1266
  • Peritoneum, neoplasms, 791.1266, 791.33

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Intraperitoneal Catheters: Percutaneous Placement with Fluoroscopic Guidance'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this