Introduction on Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Pandemic: The Global Challenge

Nima Rezaei, Saboura Ashkevarian, Mahsa Keshavarz Fathi, Sara Hanaei, Zahra Kolahchi, Seyedeh Sanam Ladi Seyedian, Elham Rayzan, Mojdeh Sarzaeim, Aida Vahed, Kawthar Mohamed, Sarah Momtazmanesh, Negar Moradian, Zahra Rahimi Pirkoohi, Noosha Sameeifar, Mahsa Yousefpour, Sepideh Sargoli, Saina Adiban, Niloufar Yazdanpanah, Heliya Ziaei, Amene Saghazadeh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

12 Scopus citations


By driving the ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), coronaviruses have become a significant change in twenty-first-century medicine, healthcare systems, education, and the global economy. This chapter rapidly reviews the origin, immunopathogenesis, epidemiology, diagnosis, clinical manifestations, and potential therapeutics of COVID-19. It would also explore the effects of the introduction of a single virus, the so-called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), on the public health preparedness planning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Number of pages22
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
ISSN (Print)0065-2598
ISSN (Electronic)2214-8019


  • Borderless
  • COVID-19
  • Coronavirus
  • Global
  • Immune system
  • Pandemic
  • SARS-CoV-2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


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