Objective: The aim of this study was to identify the signal molecules involved in IL-1β-induced expression of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 in human pulmonary epithelial (A549) cells. Methods: A549 cells were stimulated with IL-1β in the presence or absence of H-7 (a protein kinase C inhibitor), SB203580 (a p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibitor) and PD098059 (a mitogen-activated and extracellular regulated kinase kinase (MEK1) inhibitor). The A549 cells were also transfected with adenovirus vector encoding activator protein (AP)-2α, or a plasmid containing a dominant-negative gene (AP-2Δ), in the presence or absence of IL-1β. Results: IL-1β induced expression of the COX-2 mRNA and protein in A549 cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. SB203580 and H-7, but not PD098059, inhibited IL-1β-induced expression of COX-2 protein. Overexpression of AP-2α increased expression of the COX-2 protein, whereas AP-2Δ decreased IL-1β-induced COX-2 expression. Conclusion: Protein kinase C, p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase and transcriptional factor AP-2α may play important roles in regulating IL-1β-induced COX-2 expression in human pulmonary epithelial cells.
- Activator protein-2
- Mitogen-activated and extracellular regulated kinase kinase 1
- Mitogen-activated protein kinase
- Protein kinase C
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine