Iontophoresis and chloride-containing compounds

Parameters required for killing

C. P. Davis, N. Wagel, M. D. Anderson, M. M. Warren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fungi, and gram-positive and gram-negative organisms were susceptible to iontophoretic killing in simple media. Iontophoresis did not depend on electrode type but did require chloride-containing compounds in the medium. All organisms could be killed efficiently if chloride-containing compounds (for example sodium chloride and calcium chloride) were present in physiological concentrations. Effectiveness of iontophoretic killing could be reduced by nonphysiologically elevated concentrations of other substances (for example creatinine and albumin). The data suggest that iontophoresis should function well in urine, since chloride-containing compounds are present in adequate concentrations even if some naturally occurring compounds, such as creatinine or albumin, are elevated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1172-1175
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume150
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1993

Fingerprint

Iontophoresis
Chlorides
Albumins
Creatinine
Calcium Chloride
Sodium Chloride
Electrodes
Fungi
Urine

Keywords

  • chlorides
  • iontophoresis
  • urinary tract infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

Cite this

Davis, C. P., Wagel, N., Anderson, M. D., & Warren, M. M. (1993). Iontophoresis and chloride-containing compounds: Parameters required for killing. Journal of Urology, 150(4), 1172-1175.

Iontophoresis and chloride-containing compounds : Parameters required for killing. / Davis, C. P.; Wagel, N.; Anderson, M. D.; Warren, M. M.

In: Journal of Urology, Vol. 150, No. 4, 1993, p. 1172-1175.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Davis, CP, Wagel, N, Anderson, MD & Warren, MM 1993, 'Iontophoresis and chloride-containing compounds: Parameters required for killing', Journal of Urology, vol. 150, no. 4, pp. 1172-1175.
Davis CP, Wagel N, Anderson MD, Warren MM. Iontophoresis and chloride-containing compounds: Parameters required for killing. Journal of Urology. 1993;150(4):1172-1175.
Davis, C. P. ; Wagel, N. ; Anderson, M. D. ; Warren, M. M. / Iontophoresis and chloride-containing compounds : Parameters required for killing. In: Journal of Urology. 1993 ; Vol. 150, No. 4. pp. 1172-1175.
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