The RAD3 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is required for nicking of DNA containing pyrimidine dimers or interstrand crosslinks. We have cloned the RAD3 gene and physically mapped it to 2.6 kilobase of DNA. A DNA segment of the cloned RAD3 insert was ligated into plasmid YIp5, which transforms yeast by homologous integration, and shown to integrate at the RAD3 site in chromosome V, thus verifying the cloned DNA segment to be the RAD3 gene and not a suppressor. The RAD3 gene encodes a 2.5-kilobase mRNA, extending between the Kpm I site and the Sau3A1/BamHI fusion junction in plasmid pSP10, and the direction of transcription has been determined. The 2.5-kilobase transcript could encode a protein of about 90,000 daltons. We also show the deletions of the RAD3 gene to be recessive lethals, indicating that the RAD3 gene plays an important role in other cellular processes in addition to incision of damaged DNA.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - 1983|
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