Johan Georg Raeder (1889-1959) and paratrigeminal sympathetic paresis.

Mohammadali Mohajel Shoja, R. Shane Tubbs, Kamyar Ghabili, Marios Loukas, W. Jerry Oakes, Aaron A. Cohen-Gadol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


INTRODUCTION: Johan Georg Raeder (1889-1959) was the most eminent Norwegian ophthalmologist in the early decades of the last century. Raeder made significant contributions to our current understanding of glaucoma. He is remembered for a syndrome he described, that of trigeminal nerve neuralgia and/or paresis and incomplete Horner's syndrome (oculopupillary sympathetic paresis). DISCUSSION: Here, Raeder's biography, scientific contributions, and a thorough review of his original report on paratrigeminal sympathetic paresis are presented. Raeder's syndrome may reflect a lesion of the middle cranial fossa, which involves oculopupillary sympathetic fibers that originate from the internal carotid artery plexus and travel with the trigeminal and oculomotor nerves.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)373-376
Number of pages4
JournalChild's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology


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