Kleeblattschädel skull: A review of its history, diagnosis, associations, and treatment

R. Shane Tubbs, Amit Sharma, Christoph Griessenauer, Marios Loukas, Mohammadali M. Shoja, Koichi Watanabe, W. Jerry Oakes

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Introduction: Kleeblattschädel (cloverleaf) skull is a very uncommon form of pansynostosis. Some cases are associated with syndromes, but often, this skull deformity is seen in isolation. To date, a comprehensive review of this topic is not available in the medical literature. Conclusions: Herein, we review the history, associations, diagnosis, treatment, and complications of Kleeblattschädel skull.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)745-748
Number of pages4
JournalChild's Nervous System
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Cloverleaf
  • Congenital
  • Craniosynostosis
  • Cranium
  • Deformity
  • Neurosurgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology


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