Knowledge, attitude and use of complementary and integrative health strategies: A preliminary survey of Iranian nurses

Abbas Balouchi, Mozhgan Rahnama, Marie Hastings-Tolsma, Mohammadali M. Shoja, Enayatollah Bolaydehyi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Disagreement exists regarding the need for knowledge about complementary and integrative health (CIH) strategies, as well as for the need to consider such strategies in clinical nursing practice. Objective This study was conducted to assess the knowledge, attitude and use of CIH strategies among nurses in Iran. Design, setting, participants and interventions A cross-sectional study of nurses working in two hospitals of Zabol University of Medical Sciences, in southeast Iran, was conducted from October 2014 to April 2015. The questionnaire, developed specifically for this research, was used to assess the knowledge, attitude and use of CIH by nurses. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to interpret the survey responses. Results Most nurses (n=95, 60.5%) have average knowledge about CIH strategies with most holding a positive attitude about use (n=81, 51.6%). The majority (n=90, 57.3%) of nurses, however, never applied CIH methods. Where CIH was used, massage was most often clinically applied (n=129, 82.2%) and a large percentage believed it useful for treating illness (n=136, 87.9%). Other CIH methods commonly used included prayer and herbal medicine. Conclusion Nurses have positive attitudes about CIH though knowledge was typically weak. Educational programs should carefully consider how knowledge about CIH methods could be strengthened within curricula.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-127
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of integrative medicine
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • attitude and use
  • complementary and alternative medicine
  • complementary and integrative health
  • knowledge
  • nurses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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