Koolpinyah and Yata viruses

Two newly recognised ephemeroviruses from tropical regions of Australia and Africa

Kim R. Blasdell, Steven Widen, Sinéad M. Diviney, Cadhla Firth, Thomas Wood, Hilda Guzman, Edward C. Holmes, Robert B. Tesh, Nikos Vasilakis, Peter J. Walker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Koolpinyah virus (KOOLV) isolated from healthy Australian cattle and Yata virus (YATV) isolated from a pool of Mansonia uniformis mosquitoes in the Central African Republic have been tentatively identified as rhabdoviruses. KOOLV was shown previously to be related antigenically to kotonkon virus, an ephemerovirus that has caused an ephemeral fever-like illness in cattle in Nigeria, but YATV failed to react antigenically with any other virus tested. Here we report the complete genome sequences of KOOLV (16,133 nt) and YATV (14,479 nt). Each has a complex genome organisation, with multiple genes, including a second non-structural glycoprotein (GNS) gene and a viroporin (α1) gene, between the G and L genes as is characteristic of ephemeroviruses. Based on an analysis of genome organisation, sequence identity and cross-neutralisation, we demonstrate that both KOOLV and YATV should be classified as two new species in the genus Ephemerovirus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)547-553
Number of pages7
JournalVeterinary Microbiology
Volume174
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Ephemerovirus
tropics
Viruses
viruses
Genome
Genes
genome
Ephemeral Fever
Mansonia uniformis
genes
Sterculiaceae
Central African Republic
bovine ephemeral fever
Rhabdoviridae
cattle

Keywords

  • Ephemerovirus
  • Genome sequence
  • Koolpinyah virus
  • Phylogeny
  • Rhabdovirus
  • Yata virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Koolpinyah and Yata viruses : Two newly recognised ephemeroviruses from tropical regions of Australia and Africa. / Blasdell, Kim R.; Widen, Steven; Diviney, Sinéad M.; Firth, Cadhla; Wood, Thomas; Guzman, Hilda; Holmes, Edward C.; Tesh, Robert B.; Vasilakis, Nikos; Walker, Peter J.

In: Veterinary Microbiology, Vol. 174, No. 3-4, 2014, p. 547-553.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Blasdell, KR, Widen, S, Diviney, SM, Firth, C, Wood, T, Guzman, H, Holmes, EC, Tesh, RB, Vasilakis, N & Walker, PJ 2014, 'Koolpinyah and Yata viruses: Two newly recognised ephemeroviruses from tropical regions of Australia and Africa', Veterinary Microbiology, vol. 174, no. 3-4, pp. 547-553. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2014.09.031
Blasdell, Kim R. ; Widen, Steven ; Diviney, Sinéad M. ; Firth, Cadhla ; Wood, Thomas ; Guzman, Hilda ; Holmes, Edward C. ; Tesh, Robert B. ; Vasilakis, Nikos ; Walker, Peter J. / Koolpinyah and Yata viruses : Two newly recognised ephemeroviruses from tropical regions of Australia and Africa. In: Veterinary Microbiology. 2014 ; Vol. 174, No. 3-4. pp. 547-553.
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