Insulinlike growth factor binding protein 1 (IGFBP-1) has been shown to modulate the metabolic and mitogenic actions of the growth hormone (GH)-dependent peptide insulinlike growth factor I. Previous studies showed that levels of IGFBP-1 are regulated by insulin. The relative role of GH in the regulation of IGFBP-1 levels is less well defined and was examined in our study with a contiguous two-part protocol. Overnight (part A) and pre- and post-morning meal (part B) blood samples were obtained from eight healthy adults during a constant infusion of saline (SAL) or 4 μg · kg-1 · min-1 GH. Five of eight subjects were restudied with glucose (GLUC) infused during part B (SAL + GLUC) to match glucose and insulin to levels observed during GH infusion. During SAL infusion, IGFBP-1 levels measured by specific radioimmunoassay showed a marked immediate decline after the evening meal in part A, with a subsequent nocturnal rise of 2.4- to 17.3-fold. GH infusion resulted in a similar meal-induced fall in IGFBP-1 levels but led to a delayed nocturnal rise in IGFBP-1, which was associated with elevated postprandial insulin concentrations. During part B, changes In plasma IGFBP-1 levels showed a similar pattern, with a delayed postprandial increase observed during both GH and SAL + GLUC infusions. The half-life of IGFBP-1 disappearance was calculated at ∼2 h for all three infusion groups. Comparison of venous and arterialized blood samples showed no consistent pattern of difference, arguing against peripheral tissue clearance or compartmentalization as the mechanism for the rapid rise and fall in IGFBP-1 levels. Our studies, the first to measure GH, insulin, and glucose in concurrent sampling and under controlled physiological conditions, support previous investigations suggesting that insulin (not GH or glucose) is the primary regulator of plasma IGF6P-1 levels. Furthermore, we postulate that the observed fluctuations in plasma levels are caused by a direct insulin effect on hepatic IGFBP-1 production.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism