Laryngeal tuberculosis in the United States of America

A forgotten disease

Jeana L. Benwill, Juan Sarria

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Laryngeal tuberculosis (TB) was a common manifestation of TB in the early twentieth century, but now represents only 1% of all cases. Most modern case series of laryngeal TB originate outside the USA. We report a case of laryngeal TB from our institution and review other US cases published between 1970 and 2012. One hundred twenty-seven cases were identified. The mean patient age was 49 y and 28% were female. The mean duration of symptoms was 19 weeks. Dysphonia and weight loss were the most common manifestations, seen in 96% and 47% of cases, respectively. These symptoms were usually attributed to malignancy initially. Most cases involved the vocal cords. Eighty-six percent of cases had underlying pulmonary involvement. Mortality was 3%. In the USA, laryngeal TB is rarely suspected and often confused with malignancy. This infection should be considered in patients with unexplained dysphonia and weight loss.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-249
Number of pages9
JournalScandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume46
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Laryngeal Tuberculosis
Dysphonia
Weight Loss
Vocal Cords
Neoplasms
Tuberculosis
Lung
Mortality
Infection

Keywords

  • Dysphonia
  • Laryngeal tuberculosis
  • Larynx
  • Mycobacteria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Laryngeal tuberculosis in the United States of America : A forgotten disease. / Benwill, Jeana L.; Sarria, Juan.

In: Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases, Vol. 46, No. 4, 2014, p. 241-249.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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