Laser in situ keratomileusis for primary and secondary mixed astigmatism

George J.C. Jin, Kevin H. Merkley, W. Andrew Lyle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the efficacy, predictability, and safety of LASIK in the correction of primary and secondary mixed astigmatism after previous LASIK surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective, comparative case series. METHODS: The retrospective study included 118 eyes having LASIK with the LADARVison 4000 excimer laser (Alcon Surgical, Orlando, Florida) to correct mixed astigmatism. The eyes were divided into two groups: in group A (n = 64), LASIK was for primary mixed astigmatism and in group B (n = 54), LASIK was for secondary mixed astigmatism. Mean follow-up was 10.6 ± 5.90 months. RESULTS: Overall, the postoperative UCVA was 20/20 in 51% of eyes and 20/40 or better in 97% of eyes at the last visit. The mean refractive cylinder was -2.18 ± 0.94 D preoperatively and -0.56 ± 0.56 D postoperatively. Sixty-one percent of eyes had a refractive cylinder of 0.50 D or less. One eye lost 2 lines of BSCVA (0.8%). None of the eyes had postoperative BSCVA worse than 20/25. The difference of preoperative cylinder was significant between group A and group B (P =. 000). However, there was no statistical difference of postoperative refraction and UCVA between these two groups. At 12 months, the mean vector magnitude achieved was 93% of intended cylinder correction with a mean angle of error of -3.0 ± 16 degrees. CONCLUSIONS: LASIK is a safe, effective, and predictable procedure to treat both primary and secondary mixed astigmatism. Nomogram adjustment with spherical and astigmatism components individually may improve refractive outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1019-1027.e2
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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