Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy, predictability, stability, and safety of hyperopic laser in situ keratomileusis (H-LASIK) over a 24-month period and analyze topographic changes after H-LASIK to assess topographic pseudokeratectasia (TPKE) following H-LASIK. Setting: Eye Institute of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. Methods: This prospective study included 139 eyes of 77 patients having H-LASIK for primary hyperopia. The mean follow-up was 15.6 months ± 7.6 (SD) (range 6 to 48 months). One hundred twenty-two eyes (88%) were followed at 1 year and 36 eyes (26%) at 24 months. Topographic pseudokeratectasia was defined as 1 or more positive keratoconus screening findings in an eye with topographic central or inferior steepening detected by the Topography Modeling System but without corneal thinning or progressive change. Results: The mean spherical equivalent manifest refraction was +2.39 ± 0.99 diopter (D) preoperatively and -0.05 ± 0.61 D at the last visit. Ninety-one percent of eyes were within ±1.00 D of emmetropia and 71% of the eyes were within ±0.50 D. Uncorrected visual acuity of 20/20 or better was present in 42%, 20/25 in 63%, and 20/40 or better in 93% of eyes. Loss of 2 lines of BSCVA occurred in 2 eyes (1.4%). In 1 eye, ischemic optic neuropathy occurred, and in another, choroidal neovascularization developed postoperatively. Topographic pseudokeratectasia was detected in 28% to 56% of eyes postoperatively. No significant difference between postoperative visual and refractive outcome, regression, or irregularity was found between the eyes with or without TPKE. Conclusion: Hyperopic LASIK appears to be an effective, predictable, and safe procedure to correct low to moderate primary hyperopia. Topographic pseudokeratectasia, which was observed after H-LASIK with a keratoconus-like topographic pattern in otherwise normal eyes, may represent a relatively static condition.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems