Latino beliefs about diabetes

Susan C. Weller, Roberta D. Baer, Lee M. Pachter, Robert T. Trotter, Mark Glazer, Javier E. Garcia De Alba Garcia, Robert E. Klein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

96 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE - To describe Latino beliefs about diabetes and assess heterogeneity in beliefs across different groups. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - This study comprised a survey of 161 representative Latino adults from four diverse communities: Hartford, Connecticut; Edinburg, Texas; Guadalajara, Mexico; and rural Guatemala. A 130-item questionnaire covered causes, symptoms, and treatments for diabetes. Information on demographics and acquaintanceship with someone with diabetes was also collected. The cultural consensus model was used to analyze the variation in responses to determine whether the degree of consistency within and between samples was sufficient to warrant aggregation and description as a single set of beliefs. RESULTS - Homogeneous beliefs were present within each of the four samples. Although variability in responses increased significantly from Connecticut to Guatemala (P < 0.00005), there was significant agreement between samples on the answers (P < 0.0005). Answers tended to be concordant with the biomedical description of diabetes. Greater acculturation, higher educational attainment, and higher diabetes prevalence were associated with greater cultural knowledge about diabetes In Connecticut, greater knowledge correlated with longer mainland U.S. residency (P < 0.05). In Mexico, those with average educational attainment knew more (P < 0.05). Finally, average knowledge levels were higher in communities with greater diabetes prevalence. CONCLUSIONS - The cultural consensus model facilitated assessment of cultural beliefs regarding diabetes and diabetes management. Overall, Latino cultural beliefs about diabetes were concordant with the biomedical model. Variation in responses tended to characterize less knowledge or experience with diabetes and not different beliefs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)722-728
Number of pages7
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1999

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Hispanic Americans
Guatemala
Mexico
Acculturation
Internship and Residency
Research Design
Demography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Weller, S. C., Baer, R. D., Pachter, L. M., Trotter, R. T., Glazer, M., Garcia De Alba Garcia, J. E., & Klein, R. E. (1999). Latino beliefs about diabetes. Diabetes Care, 22(5), 722-728. https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.22.5.722

Latino beliefs about diabetes. / Weller, Susan C.; Baer, Roberta D.; Pachter, Lee M.; Trotter, Robert T.; Glazer, Mark; Garcia De Alba Garcia, Javier E.; Klein, Robert E.

In: Diabetes Care, Vol. 22, No. 5, 05.1999, p. 722-728.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Weller, SC, Baer, RD, Pachter, LM, Trotter, RT, Glazer, M, Garcia De Alba Garcia, JE & Klein, RE 1999, 'Latino beliefs about diabetes', Diabetes Care, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 722-728. https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.22.5.722
Weller SC, Baer RD, Pachter LM, Trotter RT, Glazer M, Garcia De Alba Garcia JE et al. Latino beliefs about diabetes. Diabetes Care. 1999 May;22(5):722-728. https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.22.5.722
Weller, Susan C. ; Baer, Roberta D. ; Pachter, Lee M. ; Trotter, Robert T. ; Glazer, Mark ; Garcia De Alba Garcia, Javier E. ; Klein, Robert E. / Latino beliefs about diabetes. In: Diabetes Care. 1999 ; Vol. 22, No. 5. pp. 722-728.
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