Lethality in yeast of trichothiodystrophy (TTD) mutations in the human xeroderma pigmentosum group D gene

Implications for transcriptional defect in TTD

Sami N. Guzder, Patrick Sung, Satya Prakash, Louise Prakash

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23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mutations in the human XPD gene result in a defect in nucleotide excision repair of ultraviolet damaged DNA and cause the cancer-prone syndrome xeroderma pigmentosum (XP). Besides XP, mutations in XPD can cause another seemingly unrelated syndrome, trichothiodystrophy (TTD), characterized by sulfur-deficient brittle hair, ichthyosis, and physical and mental retardation. To ascertain the underlying defect responsible for TTD, we have expressed the TTD mutant proteins in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and determined if these mutations can rescue the inviability of a rod3 null mutation. RAD3, the S. cerevisiae counterpart of XPD, is required for nucleotide excision repair and also has an essential role in RNA polymerase II transcription. Expression of the wild type XPD protein or the XPD Arg-48 protein carrying a mutation in the DNA helicase domain restores viability to the rad3 null mutation. Interestingly, the XPD variants containing TTD mutations fail to complement the lethality of the rad3 null mutation, strongly suggesting that TTD mutations impair the ability of XPD protein to function normally in RNA polymerase II transcription. From our studies, we conclude that XPD DNA helicase activity is not essential for transcription and infer that TTD mutations in XPD result in a defect in transcription.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17660-17663
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume270
Issue number30
StatePublished - Jul 28 1995
Externally publishedYes

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Trichothiodystrophy Syndromes
Xeroderma Pigmentosum
Transcription
Yeast
Genes
Yeasts
DNA Helicases
Defects
Mutation
RNA Polymerase II
Repair
Nucleotides
Proteins
Mutant Proteins
Sulfur
DNA Repair
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
DNA
Ichthyosis
Aptitude

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Lethality in yeast of trichothiodystrophy (TTD) mutations in the human xeroderma pigmentosum group D gene: Implications for transcriptional defect in TTD",
abstract = "Mutations in the human XPD gene result in a defect in nucleotide excision repair of ultraviolet damaged DNA and cause the cancer-prone syndrome xeroderma pigmentosum (XP). Besides XP, mutations in XPD can cause another seemingly unrelated syndrome, trichothiodystrophy (TTD), characterized by sulfur-deficient brittle hair, ichthyosis, and physical and mental retardation. To ascertain the underlying defect responsible for TTD, we have expressed the TTD mutant proteins in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and determined if these mutations can rescue the inviability of a rod3 null mutation. RAD3, the S. cerevisiae counterpart of XPD, is required for nucleotide excision repair and also has an essential role in RNA polymerase II transcription. Expression of the wild type XPD protein or the XPD Arg-48 protein carrying a mutation in the DNA helicase domain restores viability to the rad3 null mutation. Interestingly, the XPD variants containing TTD mutations fail to complement the lethality of the rad3 null mutation, strongly suggesting that TTD mutations impair the ability of XPD protein to function normally in RNA polymerase II transcription. From our studies, we conclude that XPD DNA helicase activity is not essential for transcription and infer that TTD mutations in XPD result in a defect in transcription.",
author = "Guzder, {Sami N.} and Patrick Sung and Satya Prakash and Louise Prakash",
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T2 - Implications for transcriptional defect in TTD

AU - Guzder, Sami N.

AU - Sung, Patrick

AU - Prakash, Satya

AU - Prakash, Louise

PY - 1995/7/28

Y1 - 1995/7/28

N2 - Mutations in the human XPD gene result in a defect in nucleotide excision repair of ultraviolet damaged DNA and cause the cancer-prone syndrome xeroderma pigmentosum (XP). Besides XP, mutations in XPD can cause another seemingly unrelated syndrome, trichothiodystrophy (TTD), characterized by sulfur-deficient brittle hair, ichthyosis, and physical and mental retardation. To ascertain the underlying defect responsible for TTD, we have expressed the TTD mutant proteins in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and determined if these mutations can rescue the inviability of a rod3 null mutation. RAD3, the S. cerevisiae counterpart of XPD, is required for nucleotide excision repair and also has an essential role in RNA polymerase II transcription. Expression of the wild type XPD protein or the XPD Arg-48 protein carrying a mutation in the DNA helicase domain restores viability to the rad3 null mutation. Interestingly, the XPD variants containing TTD mutations fail to complement the lethality of the rad3 null mutation, strongly suggesting that TTD mutations impair the ability of XPD protein to function normally in RNA polymerase II transcription. From our studies, we conclude that XPD DNA helicase activity is not essential for transcription and infer that TTD mutations in XPD result in a defect in transcription.

AB - Mutations in the human XPD gene result in a defect in nucleotide excision repair of ultraviolet damaged DNA and cause the cancer-prone syndrome xeroderma pigmentosum (XP). Besides XP, mutations in XPD can cause another seemingly unrelated syndrome, trichothiodystrophy (TTD), characterized by sulfur-deficient brittle hair, ichthyosis, and physical and mental retardation. To ascertain the underlying defect responsible for TTD, we have expressed the TTD mutant proteins in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and determined if these mutations can rescue the inviability of a rod3 null mutation. RAD3, the S. cerevisiae counterpart of XPD, is required for nucleotide excision repair and also has an essential role in RNA polymerase II transcription. Expression of the wild type XPD protein or the XPD Arg-48 protein carrying a mutation in the DNA helicase domain restores viability to the rad3 null mutation. Interestingly, the XPD variants containing TTD mutations fail to complement the lethality of the rad3 null mutation, strongly suggesting that TTD mutations impair the ability of XPD protein to function normally in RNA polymerase II transcription. From our studies, we conclude that XPD DNA helicase activity is not essential for transcription and infer that TTD mutations in XPD result in a defect in transcription.

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