Life-space mobility in Mexican Americans aged 75 and older

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives To examine the factors associated with life-space mobility in older Mexican Americans. Design Cross-sectional study involving a population-based survey. Setting Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly survey conducted in the southwestern of United States (Texas, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, and California). Participants Seven hundred twenty-eight Mexican-American men and women aged 75 and older. Measurements Sociodemographic factors, self-reported physician diagnoses of medical conditions (arthritis, diabetes mellitus, heart attack, stroke, hip fracture, and cancer), depressive symptoms, cognitive function, body mass index (BMI), upper and lower extremity muscle strength, Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), activities of daily living (ADLs), and the life-space assessment (LSA) were assessed in in-home interviews. Results The mean age of participants was 84.2 ± 4.2. Sixty-five percent were female. Mean LSA score was 41.7 ± 20.9. Multiple regression analysis showed that older age, being female, limitation in ADLs, stroke, high depressive symptoms, and a BMI index of 35 kg/m 2 and greater were significantly associated with lower LSA scores. Education and better lower extremity function and muscle strength were factors significantly associated with higher LSA scores. Conclusion Older Mexican Americans had restricted life-space, with approximately 80% limited to their home or neighborhood. Older age, female sex, stroke, high depressive symptoms, BMI of 35 kg/m 2 or greater, and ADL disability were related to less life-space. Future studies are needed to examine the association between life-space and health outcomes and to characterize the trajectory of life-space over time in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)532-537
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume60
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2012

Fingerprint

Activities of Daily Living
Body Mass Index
Stroke
Muscle Strength
Depression
Lower Extremity
Southwestern United States
Population
Hip Fractures
Hispanic Americans
Cognition
Arthritis
Epidemiologic Studies
Diabetes Mellitus
Cross-Sectional Studies
Myocardial Infarction
Regression Analysis
Interviews
Physicians
Education

Keywords

  • life-space
  • Mexican American
  • mobility
  • older adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Life-space mobility in Mexican Americans aged 75 and older. / Al Snih al snih, Soham; Peek, Mary; Sawyer, Patricia; Markides, Kyriakos; Allman, Richard M.; Ottenbacher, Kenneth.

In: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Vol. 60, No. 3, 03.2012, p. 532-537.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{1cfd88234f32453eb9806a30a095bb79,
title = "Life-space mobility in Mexican Americans aged 75 and older",
abstract = "Objectives To examine the factors associated with life-space mobility in older Mexican Americans. Design Cross-sectional study involving a population-based survey. Setting Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly survey conducted in the southwestern of United States (Texas, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, and California). Participants Seven hundred twenty-eight Mexican-American men and women aged 75 and older. Measurements Sociodemographic factors, self-reported physician diagnoses of medical conditions (arthritis, diabetes mellitus, heart attack, stroke, hip fracture, and cancer), depressive symptoms, cognitive function, body mass index (BMI), upper and lower extremity muscle strength, Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), activities of daily living (ADLs), and the life-space assessment (LSA) were assessed in in-home interviews. Results The mean age of participants was 84.2 ± 4.2. Sixty-five percent were female. Mean LSA score was 41.7 ± 20.9. Multiple regression analysis showed that older age, being female, limitation in ADLs, stroke, high depressive symptoms, and a BMI index of 35 kg/m 2 and greater were significantly associated with lower LSA scores. Education and better lower extremity function and muscle strength were factors significantly associated with higher LSA scores. Conclusion Older Mexican Americans had restricted life-space, with approximately 80{\%} limited to their home or neighborhood. Older age, female sex, stroke, high depressive symptoms, BMI of 35 kg/m 2 or greater, and ADL disability were related to less life-space. Future studies are needed to examine the association between life-space and health outcomes and to characterize the trajectory of life-space over time in this population.",
keywords = "life-space, Mexican American, mobility, older adults",
author = "{Al Snih al snih}, Soham and Mary Peek and Patricia Sawyer and Kyriakos Markides and Allman, {Richard M.} and Kenneth Ottenbacher",
year = "2012",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1111/j.1532-5415.2011.03822.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "60",
pages = "532--537",
journal = "Journal of the American Geriatrics Society",
issn = "0002-8614",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Life-space mobility in Mexican Americans aged 75 and older

AU - Al Snih al snih, Soham

AU - Peek, Mary

AU - Sawyer, Patricia

AU - Markides, Kyriakos

AU - Allman, Richard M.

AU - Ottenbacher, Kenneth

PY - 2012/3

Y1 - 2012/3

N2 - Objectives To examine the factors associated with life-space mobility in older Mexican Americans. Design Cross-sectional study involving a population-based survey. Setting Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly survey conducted in the southwestern of United States (Texas, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, and California). Participants Seven hundred twenty-eight Mexican-American men and women aged 75 and older. Measurements Sociodemographic factors, self-reported physician diagnoses of medical conditions (arthritis, diabetes mellitus, heart attack, stroke, hip fracture, and cancer), depressive symptoms, cognitive function, body mass index (BMI), upper and lower extremity muscle strength, Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), activities of daily living (ADLs), and the life-space assessment (LSA) were assessed in in-home interviews. Results The mean age of participants was 84.2 ± 4.2. Sixty-five percent were female. Mean LSA score was 41.7 ± 20.9. Multiple regression analysis showed that older age, being female, limitation in ADLs, stroke, high depressive symptoms, and a BMI index of 35 kg/m 2 and greater were significantly associated with lower LSA scores. Education and better lower extremity function and muscle strength were factors significantly associated with higher LSA scores. Conclusion Older Mexican Americans had restricted life-space, with approximately 80% limited to their home or neighborhood. Older age, female sex, stroke, high depressive symptoms, BMI of 35 kg/m 2 or greater, and ADL disability were related to less life-space. Future studies are needed to examine the association between life-space and health outcomes and to characterize the trajectory of life-space over time in this population.

AB - Objectives To examine the factors associated with life-space mobility in older Mexican Americans. Design Cross-sectional study involving a population-based survey. Setting Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly survey conducted in the southwestern of United States (Texas, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, and California). Participants Seven hundred twenty-eight Mexican-American men and women aged 75 and older. Measurements Sociodemographic factors, self-reported physician diagnoses of medical conditions (arthritis, diabetes mellitus, heart attack, stroke, hip fracture, and cancer), depressive symptoms, cognitive function, body mass index (BMI), upper and lower extremity muscle strength, Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), activities of daily living (ADLs), and the life-space assessment (LSA) were assessed in in-home interviews. Results The mean age of participants was 84.2 ± 4.2. Sixty-five percent were female. Mean LSA score was 41.7 ± 20.9. Multiple regression analysis showed that older age, being female, limitation in ADLs, stroke, high depressive symptoms, and a BMI index of 35 kg/m 2 and greater were significantly associated with lower LSA scores. Education and better lower extremity function and muscle strength were factors significantly associated with higher LSA scores. Conclusion Older Mexican Americans had restricted life-space, with approximately 80% limited to their home or neighborhood. Older age, female sex, stroke, high depressive symptoms, BMI of 35 kg/m 2 or greater, and ADL disability were related to less life-space. Future studies are needed to examine the association between life-space and health outcomes and to characterize the trajectory of life-space over time in this population.

KW - life-space

KW - Mexican American

KW - mobility

KW - older adults

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84858341880&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84858341880&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2011.03822.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2011.03822.x

M3 - Article

C2 - 22283683

AN - SCOPUS:84858341880

VL - 60

SP - 532

EP - 537

JO - Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

JF - Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

SN - 0002-8614

IS - 3

ER -