Ligand-directed serotonin 5-HT 2C receptor desensitization and sensitization

Daniel Felsing, Clinton E. Canal, Raymond G. Booth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations


Exposure of G protein–coupled receptors (GPCRs) to agonists can desensitize receptor signaling and lead to drug tolerance, whereas inverse agonists can sensitize signaling. For example, activation of serotonin 5-HT 2C GPCRs is pharmacotherapeutic for obesity, but there is tolerance to the anorectic effect of the only approved 5-HT 2C agonist, lorcaserin. We tested the hypothesis that different agonists or inverse agonists differentially desensitize or sensitize, respectively, canonical 5-HT 2C -mediated activation of phospholipase C (PLC) signaling in vitro. Lorcaserin, which displays potency and efficacy equal to 5-HT, desensitized the 5-HT 2C receptor significantly more than 5-HT (p<0.05). Agonist chemotypes such as 2-aminotetralins, with similar potency but lower efficacy than 5-HT, produced little 5-HT 2C desensitization. The piperazine agonist 1-(3-chlorophenyl)piperazine (mCPP), with lower potency but similar efficacy as 5-HT, elicited desensitization indistinguishable from 5-HT, while the piperazine agonist aripiprazole, with lower potency and efficacy, did not desensitize 5-HT 2C -PLC signaling. Several 5-HT 2C agonists also were assessed for β-arrestin recruitment—lorcaserin was a ‘super-agonist’ but a 2-aminotetralin and aripiprazole had nil activity, suggesting they are biased towards 5-HT 2C -PLC signaling. We observed robust positive correlations between the magnitude of 5-HT 2C desensitization and agonist efficacy to stimulate PLC or to recruit β-arrestin. In contrast, different inverse agonists caused different magnitudes of 5-HT 2C  sensitization that did not correlate with efficacy (or potency) to inhibit constitutive 5-HT 2C -PLC signaling.  Assessment of the 5-HT 2C -S407A point-mutated receptor indicated this residue's involvement in ligand-dependent desensitization, but we did not observe a role for protein kinase C.These data show that ligand structure uniquely impacts 5-HT 2C desensitization and sensitization processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-139
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
StatePublished - Apr 5 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • 5-HT receptor
  • Aminotetralin
  • Desensitization
  • phospholipase C
  • Sensitization
  • β-arrestin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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