The Type A behavior pattern (TABP) has been proposed as a risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD). Several studies have indicated an association between Type A behavior and serum cholesterol levels. If the effects of TABP are mediated by conventional CHD risk factors, evidence for a causal relationship between TABP and CHD would be strengthened if associations were detected among the young. This paper addresses the following: (I) Do levels of serum lipids and lipoproteins among young children vary by ethnicity, gender, or TABP? (2) Can obtained differences be accounted for by possible confounding factors, such as SES or body composition? ANCOVA revealed no significant ethnic, gender, or TABP effects for total serum cholesterol or HDLc. Analyses of LDLc and triglycerides disclosed significant main effects for gender and for ethnicity. A Competition subscale by ethnicity interaction was the only effect to approach statistical significance for TABP. The strongest findings were a replication of differences in lipid and lipoprotein risk factors by ethnicity.
- Ethnic groups
- Gender. Type A behavior pattern
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health