Long-term effects of physical exercise during rehabilitation in patients with severe burns

Paul Wurzer, Charles D. Voigt, Robert P. Clayton, Clark R. Andersen, Ronald P. Mlcak, Lars P. Kamolz, David Herndon, Oscar Suman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: We have reported that a 12-week exercise program is beneficial for the exercise performance of severely burned children. It is not known, however, whether the beneficial effects remain at 2 years postburn. Methods: Severely burned children who received no long-term anabolic drugs were consented to this Institutional Review Board-approved study. Patients chose between a voluntary exercise program (EX-group) and no exercise (NoEX-group) after discharge from the acute burn unit. Peak torque per lean leg mass, maximal oxygen consumption, and percent predicted peak heart rate were assessed. In addition, body mass index percentile and lean body mass index were recorded. Both groups were compared for up to 2 years postburn using mixed multiple analysis of variance. Results: A total of 125 patients with a mean age of 12 ± 4 years were analyzed. Demographics between the EX-group (N = 82) and NoEX-group (N = 43) were comparable. In the EX-group, peak torque per lean leg mass, percent predicted peak heart rate, and maximal oxygen consumption increased significantly with exercise (P <.01). Between discharge and 12-24 months, body mass index percentile increased significantly in the EX-Group (P <.05) but did not change in the NoEX-group. There were no significant differences between groups in body mass index percentile, lean body mass index, peak torque per lean leg mass, and maximal oxygen consumption at 24 months postburn. Conclusion: Exercise significantly improves the physical performance of burned children. The benefits are limited to early time points, however, and greatly narrow with further recovery time. Continued participation in exercise activities or a maintenance exercise program is recommended for exercise-induced adaptations to continue.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSurgery (United States)
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2016

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Burns
Rehabilitation
Exercise
Body Mass Index
Torque
Oxygen Consumption
Leg
Voluntary Programs
Heart Rate
Burn Units
Research Ethics Committees
Analysis of Variance
Maintenance
Demography
Pharmaceutical Preparations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Long-term effects of physical exercise during rehabilitation in patients with severe burns. / Wurzer, Paul; Voigt, Charles D.; Clayton, Robert P.; Andersen, Clark R.; Mlcak, Ronald P.; Kamolz, Lars P.; Herndon, David; Suman, Oscar.

In: Surgery (United States), 2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wurzer, Paul ; Voigt, Charles D. ; Clayton, Robert P. ; Andersen, Clark R. ; Mlcak, Ronald P. ; Kamolz, Lars P. ; Herndon, David ; Suman, Oscar. / Long-term effects of physical exercise during rehabilitation in patients with severe burns. In: Surgery (United States). 2016.
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abstract = "Background: We have reported that a 12-week exercise program is beneficial for the exercise performance of severely burned children. It is not known, however, whether the beneficial effects remain at 2 years postburn. Methods: Severely burned children who received no long-term anabolic drugs were consented to this Institutional Review Board-approved study. Patients chose between a voluntary exercise program (EX-group) and no exercise (NoEX-group) after discharge from the acute burn unit. Peak torque per lean leg mass, maximal oxygen consumption, and percent predicted peak heart rate were assessed. In addition, body mass index percentile and lean body mass index were recorded. Both groups were compared for up to 2 years postburn using mixed multiple analysis of variance. Results: A total of 125 patients with a mean age of 12 ± 4 years were analyzed. Demographics between the EX-group (N = 82) and NoEX-group (N = 43) were comparable. In the EX-group, peak torque per lean leg mass, percent predicted peak heart rate, and maximal oxygen consumption increased significantly with exercise (P <.01). Between discharge and 12-24 months, body mass index percentile increased significantly in the EX-Group (P <.05) but did not change in the NoEX-group. There were no significant differences between groups in body mass index percentile, lean body mass index, peak torque per lean leg mass, and maximal oxygen consumption at 24 months postburn. Conclusion: Exercise significantly improves the physical performance of burned children. The benefits are limited to early time points, however, and greatly narrow with further recovery time. Continued participation in exercise activities or a maintenance exercise program is recommended for exercise-induced adaptations to continue.",
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AU - Kamolz, Lars P.

AU - Herndon, David

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N2 - Background: We have reported that a 12-week exercise program is beneficial for the exercise performance of severely burned children. It is not known, however, whether the beneficial effects remain at 2 years postburn. Methods: Severely burned children who received no long-term anabolic drugs were consented to this Institutional Review Board-approved study. Patients chose between a voluntary exercise program (EX-group) and no exercise (NoEX-group) after discharge from the acute burn unit. Peak torque per lean leg mass, maximal oxygen consumption, and percent predicted peak heart rate were assessed. In addition, body mass index percentile and lean body mass index were recorded. Both groups were compared for up to 2 years postburn using mixed multiple analysis of variance. Results: A total of 125 patients with a mean age of 12 ± 4 years were analyzed. Demographics between the EX-group (N = 82) and NoEX-group (N = 43) were comparable. In the EX-group, peak torque per lean leg mass, percent predicted peak heart rate, and maximal oxygen consumption increased significantly with exercise (P <.01). Between discharge and 12-24 months, body mass index percentile increased significantly in the EX-Group (P <.05) but did not change in the NoEX-group. There were no significant differences between groups in body mass index percentile, lean body mass index, peak torque per lean leg mass, and maximal oxygen consumption at 24 months postburn. Conclusion: Exercise significantly improves the physical performance of burned children. The benefits are limited to early time points, however, and greatly narrow with further recovery time. Continued participation in exercise activities or a maintenance exercise program is recommended for exercise-induced adaptations to continue.

AB - Background: We have reported that a 12-week exercise program is beneficial for the exercise performance of severely burned children. It is not known, however, whether the beneficial effects remain at 2 years postburn. Methods: Severely burned children who received no long-term anabolic drugs were consented to this Institutional Review Board-approved study. Patients chose between a voluntary exercise program (EX-group) and no exercise (NoEX-group) after discharge from the acute burn unit. Peak torque per lean leg mass, maximal oxygen consumption, and percent predicted peak heart rate were assessed. In addition, body mass index percentile and lean body mass index were recorded. Both groups were compared for up to 2 years postburn using mixed multiple analysis of variance. Results: A total of 125 patients with a mean age of 12 ± 4 years were analyzed. Demographics between the EX-group (N = 82) and NoEX-group (N = 43) were comparable. In the EX-group, peak torque per lean leg mass, percent predicted peak heart rate, and maximal oxygen consumption increased significantly with exercise (P <.01). Between discharge and 12-24 months, body mass index percentile increased significantly in the EX-Group (P <.05) but did not change in the NoEX-group. There were no significant differences between groups in body mass index percentile, lean body mass index, peak torque per lean leg mass, and maximal oxygen consumption at 24 months postburn. Conclusion: Exercise significantly improves the physical performance of burned children. The benefits are limited to early time points, however, and greatly narrow with further recovery time. Continued participation in exercise activities or a maintenance exercise program is recommended for exercise-induced adaptations to continue.

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