Low testosterone in men predicts impaired arterial elasticity and microvascular function

Frank E. Corrigan, Ibhar Al Mheid, Danny J. Eapen, Salim S. Hayek, Salman Sher, Greg S. Martin, Arshed A. Quyyumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background A low testosterone level in men is associated with increased adiposity, insulin resistance, and dyslipidemia. Whether low testosterone level is associated with arterial stiffness and endothelial and microvascular dysfunction remains unknown and was investigated in this study. Methods Serum testosterone was measured in 237 healthy men aged 50 years (SD 12). Endothelial and microvascular function were assessed as brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and digital reactive hyperemia index (RHI), respectively. Arterial stiffness was evaluated by tonometry-derived pulse wave velocity (PWV) and central augmentation index (AIX). Results Mean total testosterone level was 16.3 nmol/L (SD 6.11) and 25% of subjects had low levels (< 12.0 nmol/L). Testosterone level correlated positively with RHI (r = 0.24, p < 0.001) and inversely with AIX (r = - 0.14, p = 0.033) but not with FMD or PWV, indicating impaired microvascular hyperemia and arterial elasticity with lower testosterone levels. After multivariate adjustment for the Framingham Risk Score and weight, testosterone level remained an independent predictor of RHI and AIX (β = 0.23, - 0.13; p = 0.001, 0.04, respectively). Conclusion In men with few co-morbidities, lower serum testosterone level is associated with microvascular dysfunction and increased pulse wave reflections, mechanisms by which lower testosterone levels may confer increased cardiovascular risk. Whether normalization of low testosterone level improves vascular function needs further investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)94-99
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume194
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 12 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Arterial stiffness
  • Reactive hyperemia index
  • Testosterone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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