Oxidative stress is considered to be one of main pathophysiological mechanisms in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Lycium barbarum polysaccharides (LBP), the main ingredient of Lycium barbarum, have potential antioxidant activity. We aimed to investigate the effects of LBP on myocardial I/R injury and explore the underlying mechanisms. Myocardial I/R group was treated with or without LBP to evaluate oxidative stress markers and the role of Nrf2 signal pathway. Our results showed that I/R increased infarct size and the activities of creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) when compared with control group. Meanwhile, the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were enhanced and the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPX) and catalase (CAT) were decreased. These changes were associated with a significant increase in myocardial apoptosis, ultimately leading to cardiac dysfunction. LBP reduced infarct size (38.4 ± 2 % versus 19.4 ± 1.8 %, p < 0.05), CK and LDH activities and myocardial apoptotic index. Meanwhile, LBP suppressed the production of ROS and restored redox status. Additionally, LBP increased protein level of nuclear Nrf2 in vivo (2.1 ± 0.3 versus 3.8 ± 0.4, p < 0.05) and in vitro (1.9 ± 0.2 versus 3.8 ± 0.1, p < 0.05) and subsequently upregulated heme oxygenase 1 and NADPH dehydrogenase quinone 1 compared to I/R group. Interestingly, Nrf2 siRNA abolished the protective effects of LBP. LBP suppressed oxidative stress damage and attenuated cardiac dysfunction induced by I/R via activation of the Nrf2 antioxidant signal pathway.
- Ischemia reperfusion
- Lycium barbarum polysaccharides
- Myocardial infarction
- Oxidative stress
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis