Feline leukemia retrovirus (FeLV) strains with subgroup C env genes kill feline T4 lymphoma 3201 cells by 7 to 12 days after in vitro inoculation, whereas FeLV strains with subgroup A env genes do not. Neither FeLV-A nor FeLV-C kill feline fibroblasts. FeLV-C, but not FeLV-A, is replicated to high titer by 3201 cells and productive infection precedes death by 3 to 7 days. Transcriptional activity of the FeLV-C long terminal repeat, as assessed by chloramphenicol acetyltransferase activity, is high in feline lymphoid cells but low in feline fibroblasts. Activity of the FeLV-A long terminal repeat is moderate in both cell types. FeLV-C-infected cells from aggregates 1 to 4 days before dying; ultrastructurally, virus particles can be seen approximating the clustered cells. Dying cells demonstrate nuclear condensation, surface blebbing, and fragmentation. DNA fragmentation and laddering compatible with apoptosis occur 1 to 2 days before massive cell death. In FeLV-C-infected 3201 cells, a shift from phospholipid to neutral lipid incorporation of [14C]oleic acid, increases in palmitic acid proportions and decreases in linoleic acid proportions occur 1 to 2 days before peak killing. Exposure of 3201 cells to ultraviolet-inactivated FeLV- KT (200-800 μg/106 cells) causes cytostasis within 2 days and death within 4 days. Blebbing and nuclear condensation occur but clusters do not form. The induction of programmed cell death in feline thymic lymphoma cells by subgroup C feline retroviruses may be relevant to the pathogenesis of FeLV- induced thymic atrophy, paracortical lymphoid depletion and acquired immunodeficiency in vivo.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - 1992|
- Cytopathic retroviruses
- Programmed cell death
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine