Lymphocytes from HIV-1-seropositive and -seronegative individuals were examined to determine whether HIV-1 infection interfered with the ability to generate a lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cell response. Following a 3- day ex vivo incubation in the presence of 1000 U/ml of recombinant interleukin-2, lymphocytes from seropositive individuals exhibited a LAK cell response which was equivalent to or greater than that of seronegative controls as measured against Daudi cell targets. LAK cells from seropositive and seronegative donors showed no specific cytolytic activity against gp120- coated or HIV-1-infected targets. However, in the presence of patient sera, significant levels of virus-specific LAK cell-mediated antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) were observed. The level of this specific LAK cell-mediated ADCC was greater than that mediated under similar conditions by freshly isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells. The greatest improvement in ADCC over baseline activity was seen with lymphocytes from AIDS patients after the 3-day ex vivo activation, suggesting that this patient population might benefit the most from adaptive LAK cell therapy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Surgical Research|
|State||Published - Oct 1998|
- LAK cells
- NK/K cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas