Machine learning and acute stroke imaging

Sunil A. Sheth, Luca Giancardo, Marco Colasurdo, Visish M. Srinivasan, Arash Niktabe, Peter Kan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background In recent years, machine learning (ML) has had notable success in providing automated analyses of neuroimaging studies, and its role is likely to increase in the future. Thus, it is paramount for clinicians to understand these approaches, gain facility with interpreting ML results, and learn how to assess algorithm performance. Objective To provide an overview of ML, present its role in acute stroke imaging, discuss methods to evaluate algorithms, and then provide an assessment of existing approaches. Methods In this review, we give an overview of ML techniques commonly used in medical imaging analysis and methods to evaluate performance. We then review the literature for relevant publications. Searches were run in November 2021 in Ovid Medline and PubMed. Inclusion criteria included studies in English reporting use of artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning, or similar techniques in the setting of, and in applications for, acute ischemic stroke or mechanical thrombectomy. Articles that included image-level data with meaningful results and sound ML approaches were included in this discussion. Results Many publications on acute stroke imaging, including detection of large vessel occlusion, detection and quantification of intracranial hemorrhage and detection of infarct core, have been published using ML methods. Imaging inputs have included non-contrast head CT, CT angiograph and MRI, with a range of performances. We discuss and review several of the most relevant publications. Conclusions ML in acute ischemic stroke imaging has already made tremendous headway. Additional applications and further integration with clinical care is inevitable. Thus, facility with these approaches is critical for the neurointerventional clinician.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)195-199
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of neurointerventional surgery
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 25 2022

Keywords

  • Intervention
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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