Macrophage migration inhibitory factor down-regulates the RANKL-RANK signaling pathway by activating lyn tyrosine kinase in mouse models

Se Hwan Mun, Dongmyung Oh, Sun Kyeong Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is an important modulator of innate and adaptive immunity as well as local inflammatory responses. We previously reported that MIF downregulated osteoclastogenesis through a mechanism that requires CD74. The aim of the current study was to examine whether MIF modulates osteoclastogenesis through Lyn phosphorylation, and whether downregulation of RANKL-mediated signaling requires the association of CD74, CD44, and Lyn. Methods. CD74-knockout (CD74-KO), CD44-KO, and Lyn-KO mouse models were used to investigate whether Lyn requires these receptors and coreceptors. The effects of MIF on osteoclastogenesis were assessed using Western blot analysis, small interfering RNA (siRNA)-targeted down-regulation of Lyn, Lyn-KO mice, and real-time imaging of Lyn molecules to surface proteins. Results. MIF treatment induced Lyn expression, and MIF down-regulated RANKL-induced activator protein 1 (AP-1) and the Syk/phospholipase Cγ cascade during osteoclastogenesis through activated Lyn tyrosine kinase. The results of immunoprecipitation studies revealed that MIF receptors associated with Lyn in response to MIF treatment. Studies using Lyn-specific siRNA and Lyn-KO mice confirmed our findings. Conclusion. Our findings indicate that the tyrosine kinase Lyn is activated when MIF binds to its receptor CD74 and its coreceptor CD44 and, in turn, down-regulates the RANKL-mediated signaling cascade by suppressing NF-ATc1 protein expression through down-regulation of AP-1 and calcium signaling components.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2482-2493
Number of pages12
JournalArthritis and Rheumatology
Volume66
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology

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