Major airways trauma, management and long term results

Roya Farzanegan, Pouya Alijanipour, Hamid Akbarshahi, Azizollah Abbasidezfouli, Saviz Pejhan, Aboulghasem Daneshvar, Mohammad Behgam Shadmehr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The number of patients with traumatic and iatrogenic tracheobronchial injuries is increasing. Early diagnosis, prompt establishment of a secure airway, and appropriate management could prevent sequelae and lead to a good outcome. Methods: Between "1994-2007", 35 patients with major airways trauma were managed. This descriptive and retrospective study evaluates clinical findings, diagnostic approaches, initial managements, definitive surgical or nonsurgical treatments and follow-up results. SPSS was used for descriptive outcomes. Results: There were 27 males (77%) and 8 females, with a mean age of 28.2. There were 16 blunt, 11 penetrating and 8 iatrogenic traumas, at the level of the larynx in 1, larynx and hypopharynx in 3, laryngotracheal in 12, tracheal in 13, tracheobronchial in 1, and main bronchi in 5 patients. Fourteen patients (40%) were initially managed, and 21 patients were referred to us after their initial managements at outside hospitals. There were 7 complications (20%); one resulted in mortality (2.9%). The overall final results were good in 57.1%, acceptable in 31.4% and poor in 5.7% of patients, (mean follow-up time, 58.2 months). The respiratory status and the phonation looked better in the initially managed than the delayed managed group. Conclusion: We recommend that, patients only become respiratory stable with minimum intervention and then be referred to centers with sufficient experience in airway surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)544-551
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Larynx
  • Surgery emergency
  • Tracheal injury
  • Tracheal surgery
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Gastroenterology

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