MALDI-TOF MS protein profiling for the rapid identification of Chagas disease triatomine vectors and application to the triatomine fauna of French Guiana

Maureen Laroche, Jean Michel Bérenger, Gladys Gazelle, Denis Blanchet, Didier Raoult, Philippe Parola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

SUMMARY Triatomines are haematophagous insects involved in the transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi, the aetiological agent of Chagas disease. The vector competence of these arthropods can be highly variable, depending on the species. A precise identification is therefore crucial for the epidemiological surveillance of T. cruzi and the determination of at-risk human populations. To circumvent the difficulties of morphological identification and the lack of comprehensiveness of the GenBank database, we hereby propose an alternative method for triatomine identification. The femurs of the median legs of triatomines from eight different species from French Guiana were subjected to matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) analysis. Method evaluation was performed on fresh specimens and was applied to dry specimens collected between 1991 and 2003. Femur-derived protein extracts provided reproducible spectra within the same species along with significant interspecies heterogeneity. Validation of the study by blind test analysis provided 100% correct identification of the specimens in terms of the species, sex and developmental stage. MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry appears to be a powerful tool for triatomine identification, which is a major step forward in the fight against Chagas disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)665-675
Number of pages11
JournalParasitology
Volume145
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • French Guiana
  • Key wordsTriatominae
  • MALDI-TOF
  • arthropod identification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Infectious Diseases

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