Malonyl CoA decarboxylase deficiency: C to T transition in intron 2 of the MCD gene

Sankar Surendran, Katherine A. Sacksteder, Stephen J. Gould, James G. Coldwell, Peter L. Rady, Stephan K. Tyring, Reuben Matalon

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Abstract

Malonyl CoA decarboxylase (MCD) is an enzyme involved in the metabolism of fatty acids synthesis. Based on reports of MCD deficiency, this enzyme is particular important in muscle and brain metabolism. Mutations in the MCD gene result in a deficiency of MCD activity, that lead to psychomotor retardation, cardiomyopathy and neonatal death. To date however, only a few patients have been reported with defects in MCD. We report here studies of a patient with MCD deficiency, who presented with hypotonia, cardiomyopathy and psychomotor retardation. DNA sequencing of MCD revealed a homozygous intronic mutation, specifically a -5 C to T transition near the acceptor site for exon 3. RT-PCR amplification of exons 2 and 3 revealed that although mRNA from a normal control sample yielded one major DNA band, the mutant mRNA sample resulted in two distinct DNA fragments. Sequencing of the patient's two RT-PCR products revealed that the larger molecular weight fragments contained exons 2 and 3 as well as the intervening intronic sequence. The smaller size band from the patient contained the properly spliced exons, similar to the normal control. Western blotting analysis of the expressed protein showed only a faint band in the patient sample in contrast to a robust band in the control. In addition, the enzyme activity of the mutant protein was lower than that of the control protein. The data indicate that homozygous mutation in intron 2 disrupt normal splicing of the gene, leading to lower expression of the MCD protein and MCD deficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)591-594
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Research
Volume65
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2001

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Keywords

  • Enzyme activity
  • MCD
  • Malonic aciduria
  • Protein expression
  • Splice mutation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

Surendran, S., Sacksteder, K. A., Gould, S. J., Coldwell, J. G., Rady, P. L., Tyring, S. K., & Matalon, R. (2001). Malonyl CoA decarboxylase deficiency: C to T transition in intron 2 of the MCD gene. Journal of Neuroscience Research, 65(6), 591-594. https://doi.org/10.1002/jnr.1189