Malpais spring virus

A new vesiculovirus from mosquitoes collected in New Mexico and evidence of infected indigenous and exotic ungulates

G. G. Clark, C. H. Calisher, C. L. Crabbs, K. M. Canestorp, R. B. Tesh, R. A. Bowen, D. E. Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two virus isolates, 1 each from Aedes campestris and Psorophora signipennis mosquitoes collected in south central New Mexico in August 1985, were shown by neutralization tests to be identical to each other, but not to any of more than 250 arthropod-borne and other viruses. Electron microscopy of 1 isolate (85-488 NM, chosen as the prototype) indicated that this strain shares morphologic characteristics with viruses of the family Rhabdoviridae. Indirect fluorescent antibody tests indicated that this virus is a member of the genus Vesiculovirus, but is not closely related to any of the North American or other rhabdoviruses with which it was tested, including vesicular stomatitis (Indiana) and vesicular stomatitis (New Jersey) viruses. The name Malpais Spring virus is proposed for this newly recognized vesiculovirus. A serologic survey indicated that Malpais Spring virus infects indigenous (mule deer and pronghorn) and exotic (gemsbok) ungulates at and near the sites where the mosquitoes from which the virus strains were isolated were collected. Antibody prevalence in wild animals indicates that the pronghorn and gemsbok may play roles as hosts for Malpais Spring, epizootic hemorrhagic disease (New Jersey), and bluetongue viruses in this area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)586-592
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume39
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Vesiculovirus
Culicidae
Viruses
Rhabdoviridae
Vesicular stomatitis New Jersey virus
Bluetongue virus
Arboviruses
Neutralization Tests
Vesicular Stomatitis
Wild Animals
Deer
Antibodies
Equidae
Aedes
Names
Electron Microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Clark, G. G., Calisher, C. H., Crabbs, C. L., Canestorp, K. M., Tesh, R. B., Bowen, R. A., & Taylor, D. E. (1988). Malpais spring virus: A new vesiculovirus from mosquitoes collected in New Mexico and evidence of infected indigenous and exotic ungulates. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 39(6), 586-592.

Malpais spring virus : A new vesiculovirus from mosquitoes collected in New Mexico and evidence of infected indigenous and exotic ungulates. / Clark, G. G.; Calisher, C. H.; Crabbs, C. L.; Canestorp, K. M.; Tesh, R. B.; Bowen, R. A.; Taylor, D. E.

In: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Vol. 39, No. 6, 1988, p. 586-592.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Clark, GG, Calisher, CH, Crabbs, CL, Canestorp, KM, Tesh, RB, Bowen, RA & Taylor, DE 1988, 'Malpais spring virus: A new vesiculovirus from mosquitoes collected in New Mexico and evidence of infected indigenous and exotic ungulates', American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 586-592.
Clark, G. G. ; Calisher, C. H. ; Crabbs, C. L. ; Canestorp, K. M. ; Tesh, R. B. ; Bowen, R. A. ; Taylor, D. E. / Malpais spring virus : A new vesiculovirus from mosquitoes collected in New Mexico and evidence of infected indigenous and exotic ungulates. In: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 1988 ; Vol. 39, No. 6. pp. 586-592.
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