Managing allergic rhinitis: The role of pharmacotherapy

Adrienne M. Tiñana, R. Matthew Bloebaum, J. Andrew Grant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

While avoidance measures are a key component of the treatment of allergic rhinitis, pharmacological therapies are often needed to adequately control symptoms. Intranasal corticosteroids are highly effective and are particularly useful in patients with moderate to severe disease. After use for 1 to 2 weeks, the patient should be reevaluated and the dose adjusted on the basis of the response to therapy, with the goal of symptom relief at the lowest effective dose. Antihistamines, which may be given alone or with intranasal corticosteroids, control the patient's sneezing, nasal itching, rhinorrhea, and conjunctival itching. For most patients, the second-generation antihistamines are better options than the first-generation antihistamines because of their superior adverse-effect profiles. When using cromolyn to manage seasonal symptoms, it is advisable to begin therapy 2 weeks before the expected allergen exposure. Ipratropium is helpful in patients whose main symptom is rhinorrhea.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)312-318
Number of pages7
JournalDrug Benefit Trends
Volume21
Issue number10
StatePublished - Dec 18 2009

Keywords

  • Allergic rhinitis
  • Antihistamines
  • Cromolyn
  • Intranasal corticosteroids
  • Ipratropium
  • Leukotriene receptor antagonists

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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  • Cite this

    Tiñana, A. M., Bloebaum, R. M., & Grant, J. A. (2009). Managing allergic rhinitis: The role of pharmacotherapy. Drug Benefit Trends, 21(10), 312-318.