Manual wheelchair propulsion over cross-sloped surfaces

A literature review

Rory A. Cooper, Emily E. Teodorski, Michelle L. Sporner, Diane Collins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Manual wheelchair propulsion may be facilitated or impeded depending upon the surface and the environment. One barrier may be the cross-slope of pathways. The purpose of this systematic literature review was to determine the quality of the evidence on the effects of cross-slopes on manual wheelchair propulsion. The goal was to identify and to understand the optimal design for cross-slopes that have the least negative impact for wheelchair users. Fifty-two articles were reviewed by 15 expert reviewers. Six were identified to be relevant to propulsion over cross-slopes. Most studies agree that traversing a cross-slope in a manual wheelchair is more difficult than propelling on a level surface. However, agreement has not been reached as to the percentage increase in effort or the optimal degree of cross-slopes that should be used as an acceptable standard. There is a paucity of research investigating the impact of cross-slopes on wheelchair mobility and community participation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42-51
Number of pages10
JournalAssistive Technology
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • accessibility
  • manual wheelchair
  • manual wheelchair propulsion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Manual wheelchair propulsion over cross-sloped surfaces : A literature review. / Cooper, Rory A.; Teodorski, Emily E.; Sporner, Michelle L.; Collins, Diane.

In: Assistive Technology, Vol. 23, No. 1, 03.2011, p. 42-51.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cooper, Rory A. ; Teodorski, Emily E. ; Sporner, Michelle L. ; Collins, Diane. / Manual wheelchair propulsion over cross-sloped surfaces : A literature review. In: Assistive Technology. 2011 ; Vol. 23, No. 1. pp. 42-51.
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