Marie-François Xavier Bichat (1771-1802) and his contributions to the foundations of pathological anatomy and modern medicine

Mohammadali Mohajel Shoja, R. Shane Tubbs, Marios Loukas, Ghaffar Shokouhi, Mohammad R. Ardalan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Marie-François Xavier Bichat (1771-1802) was a prominent French anatomist during a time of revolution and one of the founders of French scientific medicine. He conducted several experimental studies, which laid the foundation for modern physiology. Based on autopsy findings, Bichat introduced 21 tissues as the basic elements of organs. His name is carried on by several eponyms in anatomy and histology; Bichat's fossa (pterygopalatine fossa), Bichat's protuberance (buccal fat pad), Bichat's foramen (cistern of the vena magna of Galen), Bichat's ligament (lower fasciculus of the posterior sacroiliac ligament), Bichat's fissure (transverse fissure of the brain) and Bichat's tunic (tunica intima vasorum). This paper deals with the life and works of this early pioneer in anatomy and physiology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)413-420
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Anatomy
Volume190
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 20 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Modern 1601-history
Ligaments
Anatomy
Pterygopalatine Fossa
Eponyms
Tunica Intima
Anatomists
Cheek
Names
Adipose Tissue
Autopsy
Histology
Medicine
Brain

Keywords

  • French
  • Histology
  • History
  • Physiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Developmental Biology

Cite this

Marie-François Xavier Bichat (1771-1802) and his contributions to the foundations of pathological anatomy and modern medicine. / Mohajel Shoja, Mohammadali; Tubbs, R. Shane; Loukas, Marios; Shokouhi, Ghaffar; Ardalan, Mohammad R.

In: Annals of Anatomy, Vol. 190, No. 5, 20.11.2008, p. 413-420.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mohajel Shoja, Mohammadali ; Tubbs, R. Shane ; Loukas, Marios ; Shokouhi, Ghaffar ; Ardalan, Mohammad R. / Marie-François Xavier Bichat (1771-1802) and his contributions to the foundations of pathological anatomy and modern medicine. In: Annals of Anatomy. 2008 ; Vol. 190, No. 5. pp. 413-420.
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