Mass and functional capacity of regenerating muscle is enhanced by myoblast transfer

Maria E. Arcila, Bill T. Ameredes, John F. DeRosimo, Charles H. Washabaugh, Jiwei Yang, Peter C. Johnson, Marcia Ontell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Morphology and functional capacity of homotopically transplanted extensor digitorum longus muscles (EDL) of adult SCID mice that received 1 x 106 myoblasts [stably transfected to express nuclear localizing β- galactosidase under the control of the myosin light-chain 3F promoter/enhancer] 2 days posttransplantation were evaluated 9 weeks after transplantation, to determine whether the injection of exogenous myoblasts had an effect on muscle regeneration. Regenerated muscles that received exogenous myoblasts were compared to similarly transplanted muscles that received (a) no further treatment, or (b) sham injection of the vehicle (without myoblasts) and to unoperated EDL. Nine weeks after myoblast transfer, myofibers containing donor-derived nuclei could be identified after staining with X-gal solution. Judging from its size and poor functional performance compared to muscles subjected to transplantation only, sham injection provided a secondary trauma to the regenerating muscle from which it failed to fully recover. In comparison to the sham-injected muscle, the myoblast-injected muscles weighed 61% more and had 50% more myofibers and 82% more cross-sectional area occupied by myofibers at the muscles' widest girths. Their absolute twitch and tetanic tensions were threefold and twofold greater, respectively, and their specific twitch and tetanic tensions were 71% and 50% greater, respectively, than those of sham-injected muscles. In many parameters, the regenerating muscle subjected to myoblast transfer equaled or exceeded those of muscles that were transplanted only (received only one trauma). Absolute twitch and tetanic tensions were 73% and 65% greater, respectively, and specific twitch tensions of the muscles receiving myoblasts were 50% greater than forces generated by muscles subjected to whole-muscle transplantation only.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)185-198
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Neurobiology
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 1997
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Contractile properties
  • Morphology
  • Muscle regeneration
  • Muscle transplantation
  • Myoblast transfer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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