Mathematical model of volume kinetics and renal function after burn injury and resuscitation

Ghazal Arabidarrehdor, Ali Tivay, Ramin Bighamian, Chris Meador, George C. Kramer, Jin Oh Hahn, Jose Salinas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper presents a mathematical model of blood volume kinetics and renal function in response to burn injury and resuscitation, which is applicable to the development and non-clinical testing of burn resuscitation protocols and algorithms. Prior mathematical models of burn injury and resuscitation are not ideally suited to such applications due to their limited credibility in predicting blood volume and urinary output observed in wide-ranging burn patients as well as in incorporating contemporary knowledge of burn pathophysiology. Our mathematical model consists of an established multi-compartmental model of blood volume kinetics, a hybrid mechanistic-phenomenological model of renal function, and novel lumped-parameter models of burn-induced perturbations in volume kinetics and renal function equipped with contemporary knowledge on burn-related physiology and pathophysiology. Using the dataset collected from 16 sheep, we showed that our mathematical model can be characterized with physiologically plausible parameter values to accurately predict blood volume kinetic and renal function responses to burn injury and resuscitation on an individual basis against a wide range of pathophysiological variability. Pending validation in humans, our mathematical model may serve as an effective basis for in-depth understanding of complex burn-induced volume kinetic and renal function responses as well as development and non-clinical testing of burn resuscitation protocols and algorithms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalBurns
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Burn injury
  • Burn resuscitation
  • Burn resuscitation protocols and algorithms
  • Mathematical model
  • Non-clinical testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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