Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry: An emerging tool for studying the vectors of human infectious diseases

Jacques Sevestre, Adama Z. Diarra, Maureen Laroche, Lionel Almeras, Philippe Parola

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Arthropod vectors have historically been identified morphologically, and more recently using molecular biology methods. However, both of these methods are time-consuming and require specific expertise and equipment. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry, which has revolutionized the routine identification of microorganisms in clinical microbiology laboratories, was recently successfully applied to the identification of arthropod vectors. Since then, the robustness of this identification technique has been confirmed, extended to a large panel of arthropod vectors, and assessed for detecting blood feeding behavior and identifying the infection status in regard to certain pathogenic agents. In this study, we summarize the state-of-the-art of matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry applied to the identification of arthropod vectors (ticks, mosquitoes, phlebotomine sand-flies, fleas, triatomines, lice and Culicoides), their trophic preferences and their ability to discriminate between infection statuses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)323-340
Number of pages18
JournalFuture Microbiology
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • MALDI-TOF MS
  • arthropod
  • entomology
  • mosquitos
  • ticks
  • vector

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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