Measurement Invariance of the Persistent Complex Bereavement Disorder Checklist With Respect to Youth Gender, Race, Ethnicity, and Age

Ryan M. Hill, Cody Dodd, Benjamin Oosterhoff, Christopher M. Layne, Robert S. Pynoos, Mary Beth Staine, Julie B. Kaplow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Persistent Complex Bereavement Disorder (PCBD) Checklist was constructed to facilitate the developmentally sensitive assessment of proposed PCBD criteria in bereaved children and adolescents 8–18 years of age. Initial analyses of the PCBD Checklist provided support for the hypothesized two-factor model. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the measurement invariance of the PCBD Checklist with respect to gender (boys and girls), race/ethnicity (White, Black, and Hispanic youth), and age (school age, preadolescent, and adolescent youth). Participants were 594 youth (50.4% female) aged 7–18 years (M = 11.91, SD = 2.80) who were evaluated as part of standard care at a community-based grief support center. Youth self-identified as Hispanic (n = 184, 30.8%), non-Hispanic white (n = 179, 30.0%), and African American/Black (n = 136, 22.8%). A series of stepwise, multigroup confirmatory factor analyses provided evidence in support of the PCBD Checklist's measurement invariance for all three groups concerning configural invariance, metric invariance, and scalar invariance. These results suggest that PCBD Checklist Criterion B and C scores are measuring similar latent variables, to a similar degree, across gender, race/ethnicity, and age. Establishing the cross-group equivalence of the PCBD Checklist is an important endorsement of its generalizability and clinical utility in that it can be administered to diverse populations with confidence that it is measuring proposed PCBC diagnostic criteria similarly across subgroups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)850-856
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Traumatic Stress
Volume33
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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