Measurement of deaminated cytosine adducts in DNA using a novel hybrid thymine DNA glycosylase

Chia Wei Hsu, Mark L. Sowers, Tuvshintugs Baljinnyam, Jason Herring, Linda C. Hackfeld, Hui Tang, Kangling Zhang, Lawrence C. Sowers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The hydrolytic deamination of cytosine and 5-methylcytosine drives many of the transition mutations observed in human cancer. The deamination-induced mutagenic intermediates include either uracil or thymine adducts mispaired with guanine. While a substantial array of methods exist to measure other types ofDNAadducts, the cytosine deamination adducts pose unusual analytical problems, and adequate methods to measure them have not yet been developed. We describe here a novel hybrid thymineDNAglycosylase (TDG) that is comprised of a 29-amino acid sequence from human TDG linked to the catalytic domain of a thymine glycosylase found in an archaeal thermophilic bacterium. Using defined-sequence oligonucleotides, we show that hybrid TDG has robust mispair-selective activity against deaminated U:G and T:G mispairs. We have further developed a method for separating glycosylase-released free bases from oligonucleotides andDNAfollowed byGC-MS/MS quantification. Using this approach, we have measured for the first time the levels of total uracil, U:G, and T:G pairs in calf thymus DNA. The method presented here will allow the measurement of the formation, persistence, and repair of a biologically important class of deaminated cytosine adducts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101638
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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