Mechanism of immunoreactive atrial natriuretic factor release in an ovine model of endotoxemia

G. Redl, L. Woodson, L. D. Traber, C. S. Rogers, S. Abdi, J. T. Flynn, D. N. Herndon, D. L. Traber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have previously reported an increase in plasma levels of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) in an ovine model of endotoxemia. The purpose of this study was to determine if this IR-ANF release was mediated by the increase of right atrial pressure (RAP) and right heart volumes concomitantly observed following endotoxin (LPS) administration. We studied right ventricular function, renal blood flow (RBF), urinary output (UO), urinary clearance of free water (C(H20)), urinary osmolality (U(OSM)), sodium excretion (UE(NA)), and the plasma IR-ANF concentration (radioimmunoassay), following the administration of an E. coli LPS bolus (1 μg/kg) with (group O, n = 8) and without (group E, n = 10) pretreatment with OKY-046, a selective thromboxane synthetase inhibitor. LPS induced early increases in RAP, right ventricular end-systolic (RVESV) and end-diastolic (RVEDV) volumes, heart rate (HR), and IR-ANF, and delayed increases in RBF, UO, and C(H20). OKY-046 prevented the elevation of RAP, RVEDV, and RVESV; however, both groups showed virtually identical increases in IR-ANF (E:20.03 ± 3.8 to 192.33 ± 35.47 pg/ml, O: 17.9 ± 4.1 to 159.5 ± 23 pg/ml) as well as an increase of HR, RBF, UO, and C(H20). The increase in IR-ANF release noted following the administration of LPS in an ovine model does not appear to be related to the early elevations in right heart volumes or atrial distension.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34-41
Number of pages8
JournalCirculatory Shock
Volume38
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

Keywords

  • atrial natriuretic peptide
  • right heart
  • sepsis
  • sheep
  • thermodilution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Redl, G., Woodson, L., Traber, L. D., Rogers, C. S., Abdi, S., Flynn, J. T., Herndon, D. N., & Traber, D. L. (1992). Mechanism of immunoreactive atrial natriuretic factor release in an ovine model of endotoxemia. Circulatory Shock, 38(1), 34-41.