Medical Entomology: A Reemerging Field of Research to Better Understand Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases

Maureen Laroche, Jean Michel Bérenger, Pascal Delaunay, Remi Charrel, Bruno Pradines, Franck Berger, Stéphane Ranque, Idir Bitam, Bernard Davoust, Didier Raoult, Philippe Parola

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the last decade, the Chikungunya and Zika virus outbreaks have turned public attention to the possibility of the expansion of vector-borne infectious diseases worldwide. Medical entomology is focused on the study of arthropods involved in human health. We review here some of the research approaches taken by the medical entomology team of the University Hospital Institute (UHI) Méditerranée Infection of Marseille, France, with the support of recent or representative studies. We propose our approaches to technical innovations in arthropod identification and the detection of microorganisms in arthropods, the use of arthropods as epidemiological or diagnostic tools, entomological investigations around clinical cases or within specific populations, and how we have developed experimental models to decipher the interactions between arthropods, microorganisms, and humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S30-S38
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Volume65
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • bedbugs
  • fleas
  • lice
  • mosquitoes
  • ticks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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