Meigs' syndrome is a rare entity in women under age 30 years. It is characterized by a benign fibrous ovarian tumor, ascites, and hydrothorax. Complete resolution of symptoms occurs with removal of the tumor. The case of a 20-year-old woman with a fibroma and dermoid cyst is presented and the literature reviewed. The etiology of the fluid accumulations remains unclear, although it appears to be related to lymphatic obstruction. Presenting symptoms may include abdominal distension and pain, menstrual irregularities, cough, pleuritic chest pain, and weight gain. Meigs' syndrome and pseudo-Meigs' syndrome should be included in the differential diagnosis in young women presenting with a pleural effusion. Resolution of the fluid accumulation usually occurs within 2 weeks of tumor removal.
- Meigs' syndrome
- Ovarian dermoid cyst
- Ovarian fibroma
- Pleural effusion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health