Mentors Offering Maternal Support Reduces Prenatal, Pregnancy-Specific Anxiety in a Sample of Military Women

Karen L. Weis, Regina P. Lederman, Katherine C. Walker, Wenyaw Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations


Objective To determine the efficacy of the Mentors Offering Maternal Support (MOMS) program to reduce pregnancy-specific anxiety and depression and build self-esteem and resilience in military women. Design Randomized controlled trial with repeated measures. Setting Large military community in Texas. Participants Pregnant women (N = 246) in a military sample defined as active duty or spouse of military personnel. Methods Participants were randomized in the first trimester to the MOMS program or normal prenatal care. Participants attended eight 1-hour sessions every other week during the first, second, and third trimesters of pregnancy. Pregnancy-specific anxiety, depression, self-esteem, and resilience were measured in each trimester. Linear mixed models were used to compare the two-group difference in slope for prenatal anxiety, depression, self-esteem, and resilience. Results The Prenatal Self-Evaluation Questionnaire was used to measure perinatal anxiety. Rates of prenatal anxiety on the Identification With a Motherhood Role (p =.049) scale and the Preparation for Labor (p =.017) scale were significantly reduced for participants in MOMS. Nulliparous participants showed significantly lower anxiety on the Acceptance of Pregnancy scale and significantly greater anxiety on the Preparation for Labor scale. Single participants had significantly greater anxiety on the Well-Being of Self and Baby in Labor scale, and participants with deployed husbands had significantly greater anxiety on the Identification With a Motherhood Role scale. Conclusion Participation in the MOMS program reduced pregnancy-specific prenatal anxiety for the dimensions of Identification With a Motherhood Role and Preparation for Labor. Both dimensions of anxiety were previously found to be significantly associated with preterm birth and low birth weight. Military leaders have recognized the urgent need to support military families.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)669-685
Number of pages17
JournalJOGNN - Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017



  • intervention
  • military
  • pregnancy
  • prenatal anxiety
  • resilience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Pediatrics
  • Critical Care
  • Maternity and Midwifery

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