Analogous to the liver, ocular tissues contain large concentrations of glutathione and are exposed to potentially damaging chemical compounds. Since glutathione has been shown to have a detoxification function, via mercapturic acid production in the liver, we investigated whether glutathione has a similar function in ocular tissues. We have demonstrated the presence of all of the enzymes involved in the mercapturic acid pathway i.e. glutathione S-transferase, gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase, cysteinylglycinase, and N-acetyl transferase, in the ocular tissues of bovine lens, cornea, retina, and retinal pigmented epithelium. Therefore glutathione may have another function in ocular tissues, that of the detoxification of xenobiotics.
- mercapturic acid pathway
- retinal pigmented epithelium
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience