Metabolic basis of HIV-lipodystrophy syndrome

Rajagopal V. Sekhar, Farook Jahoor, A. Clinton White, Henry J. Pownall, Fehmida Visnegarwala, Maria C. Rodriguez-Barradas, Morali Sharma, Peter J. Reeds, Ashok Balasubramanyam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

102 Scopus citations

Abstract

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-lipodystrophy syndrome (HLS) is characterized by hypertriglyceridemia, low high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, lipoatrophy, and central adiposity. We investigated fasting lipid metabolism in six men with HLS and six non-HIV-infected controls. Compared with controls, HLS patients had lower fat mass (15.9 ± 1.3 vs. 22.3 ± 1.7 kg, P < 0.05) but higher plasma glycerol rate of appearance (Ra), an index of total lipolysis (964.71 ± 103.33 vs. 611.08 ± 63.38 μmol·kg fat-1·h-1, P " 0.05), Ra palmitate, an index of net lipolysis (731.49 ± 72.36 vs. 419.72 ± 33.78 μmol·kg fat-1·h-, P < 0.01), Ra free fatty acids (2,094.74 ± 182.18 vs. 1,470.87 ± 202.80 μmol·kg fat-1·h-1, P < 0.05), and rates of intra-adipocyte (799.40 ± 157.69 vs. 362.36 ± 74.87 μmol·kg fat-1·h-1, P ± 0.01) and intrahepatic fatty acid reesterification (1,352.08 ± 123.90 vs. 955.56 ± 124.09 μmol·kg fat-1·h-1, P " 0.05). Resting energy expenditure was increased in HLS patients (30.51 ± 2.53 vs. 25.34 ± 1.04 kcal·kg lean body mass-1·day-1·, P < 0.05), associated with increased non-plasma-derived fatty acid oxidation (139.04 ± 24.17 vs. 47.87 ± 18.81 μmol·kg lean body mass-1·min-1, P " 0.02). The lipoatrophy observed in HIV lipodystrophy is associated with accelerated lipolysis. Increased hepatic reesterification promotes the hypertriglyceridemia observed in this syndrome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E332-E337
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume283
Issue number2 46-2
StatePublished - Aug 10 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • High-density lipoprotein-cholesterol
  • Hypertriglyceridemia
  • Lipolysis
  • Very low density lipoprotein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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  • Cite this

    Sekhar, R. V., Jahoor, F., White, A. C., Pownall, H. J., Visnegarwala, F., Rodriguez-Barradas, M. C., Sharma, M., Reeds, P. J., & Balasubramanyam, A. (2002). Metabolic basis of HIV-lipodystrophy syndrome. American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism, 283(2 46-2), E332-E337.