Metabolism and regulation of canonical histone mRNAs: Life without a poly(A) tail

William F. Marzluff, Eric Wagner, Robert J. Duronio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

399 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The canonical histone proteins are encoded by replication-dependent genes and must rapidly reach high levels of expression during S phase. In metazoans the genes that encode these proteins produce mRNAs that, instead of being polyadenylated, contain a unique 3′ end structure. By contrast, the synthesis of the variant, replication-independent histones, which are encoded by polyadenylated mRNAs, persists outside of S phase. Accurate positioning of both histone types in chromatin is essential for proper transcriptional regulation, the demarcation of heterochromatic boundaries and the epigenetic inheritance of gene expression patterns. Recent results suggest that the coordinated synthesis of replication-dependent and variant histone mRNAs is achieved by signals that affect formation of the 3′ end of the replication-dependent histone mRNAs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)843-854
Number of pages12
JournalNature Reviews Genetics
Volume9
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2008
Externally publishedYes

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Histones
Messenger RNA
S Phase
Epigenomics
Chromatin
Proteins
Gene Expression
Genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Metabolism and regulation of canonical histone mRNAs : Life without a poly(A) tail. / Marzluff, William F.; Wagner, Eric; Duronio, Robert J.

In: Nature Reviews Genetics, Vol. 9, No. 11, 11.2008, p. 843-854.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Marzluff, William F. ; Wagner, Eric ; Duronio, Robert J. / Metabolism and regulation of canonical histone mRNAs : Life without a poly(A) tail. In: Nature Reviews Genetics. 2008 ; Vol. 9, No. 11. pp. 843-854.
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