Microbiome interaction networks and community structure from laboratory-reared and field-collected Aedes aegypti, Aedes albopictus, and Culex quinquefasciatus mosquito vectors

Shivanand Hegde, Kamil Khanipov, Levent Albayrak, George Golovko, Maria Pimenova, Miguel A. Saldaña, Mark M. Rojas, Emily A. Hornett, Greg C. Motl, Chris L. Fredregill, James A. Dennett, Mustapha Debboun, Yuriy Fofanov, Grant Hughes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Microbial interactions are an underappreciated force in shaping insect microbiome communities. Although pairwise patterns of symbiont interactions have been identified, we have a poor understanding regarding the scale and the nature of co-occurrence and co-exclusion interactions within the microbiome. To characterize these patterns in mosquitoes, we sequenced the bacterial microbiome of Aedes aegypti, Ae. albopictus, and Culex quinquefasciatus caught in the field or reared in the laboratory and used these data to generate interaction networks. For collections, we used traps that attracted host-seeking or ovipositing female mosquitoes to determine how physiological state affects the microbiome under field conditions. Interestingly, we saw few differences in species richness or microbiome community structure in mosquitoes caught in either trap. Co-occurrence and co-exclusion analysis identified 116 pairwise interactions substantially increasing the list of bacterial interactions observed in mosquitoes. Networks generated from the microbiome of Ae. aegypti often included highly interconnected hub bacteria. There were several instances where co-occurring bacteria co-excluded a third taxa, suggesting the existence of tripartite relationships. Several associations were observed in multiple species or in field and laboratory-reared mosquitoes indicating these associations are robust and not influenced by environmental or host factors. To demonstrate that microbial interactions can influence colonization of the host, we administered symbionts to Ae. aegypti larvae that either possessed or lacked their resident microbiota. We found that the presence of resident microbiota can inhibit colonization of particular bacterial taxa. Our results highlight that microbial interactions in mosquitoes are complex and influence microbiome composition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2160
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
Volume9
Issue numberSEP
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 10 2018

Keywords

  • Gnotobiotic
  • Gut microbiome
  • Gut symbiont
  • Interaction networks
  • Microbe-microbe interactions
  • Wolbachia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Microbiome interaction networks and community structure from laboratory-reared and field-collected Aedes aegypti, Aedes albopictus, and Culex quinquefasciatus mosquito vectors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Hegde, S., Khanipov, K., Albayrak, L., Golovko, G., Pimenova, M., Saldaña, M. A., Rojas, M. M., Hornett, E. A., Motl, G. C., Fredregill, C. L., Dennett, J. A., Debboun, M., Fofanov, Y., & Hughes, G. (2018). Microbiome interaction networks and community structure from laboratory-reared and field-collected Aedes aegypti, Aedes albopictus, and Culex quinquefasciatus mosquito vectors. Frontiers in Microbiology, 9(SEP), [2160]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2018.02160