MicroRNA 573 Rescues Endothelial Dysfunction during Dengue Virus Infection under PPARγ Regulation

Shefali Banerjee, Chin Wei Xin, Justin Jang Hann Chu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Early prognosis of abnormal vasculopathy is essential for effective clinical management of patients with severe dengue. An exaggerated interferon (IFN) response and release of vasoactive factors from endothelial cells cause vasculopathy. This study shows that dengue virus 2 (DENV2) infection of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) results in differentially regulated microRNAs (miRNAs) important for endothelial function. miR-573 was significantly downregulated in DENV2-infected HUVEC due to decreased peroxisome proliferator activator receptor gamma (PPARγ) activity. Restoring miR-573 expression decreased endothelial permeability by suppressing the expression of vasoactive angiopoietin 2 (ANGPT2). We also found that miR-573 suppressed the proinflammatory IFN response through direct downregulation of Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) expression. Our study provides a novel insight into miR-573-mediated regulation of endothelial function during DENV2 infection, which can be further translated into a potential therapeutic and prognostic agent for severe dengue patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere01996-21
JournalJournal of virology
Volume96
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • PPARs
  • dengue fever
  • endothelial permeability
  • miR-573

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Insect Science
  • Virology

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