Microtubule depolymerization inhibits the regulation of α1-acid glycoprotein mRNA by hepatocyte stimulating factor

K. C. Carter, R. Cooper, John Papaconstantinou, D. G. Ritchie

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Abstract

Hepatocyte stimulating factor (HSF, a polypeptide cytokine) is a major regulatory hormone responsible for hepatic acute-phase reactant (APR) induction following acute systemic injury. The mechanisms by which HSF regulates APR synthesis in the liver are unknown. Microtubules are involved in a number of polypeptide hormone-mediated events which can be modified, either positively or negatively, by microtubule depolymerizing agents. In this study we have used colchicine (a microtubule depolymerizing drug) to assess whether or not HSF-mediated changes in rat hepatic α1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) or albumin mRNA levels require an intact microtubule cytoskeletal system. Cultured rat hepatocytes were pretreated for 30 min with either colchicine (10-6 M), or the inactive isomer lumicolchicine (10-6 M), on fresh medium. Following pretreatment, purified murine macrophage HSF (10 units/ml) was added and the cells were incubated for an additional 12 h. Colchicine, but not lumicolchicine, significantly inhibited the HSF-dependent regulation of mRNA for the positive APR, AGP, but had no effect on the mRNA levels of albumin, a negative APR. Furthermore, removal of colchicine from previously inhibited cultures allowed HSF to restimulate AGP mRNA expression. These data suggest that microtubules may play a regulatory role in controlling the expression of the genes for positive acute-phase proteins and may explain the temporal differences found in vivo positive and negative APR expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)515-519
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume264
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1989

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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