Midterm Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes of the Calcaneal Z-Osteotomy for the Correction of Cavovarus Foot

Jie Chen, Deepak Ramanathan, Samuel B. Adams, James K. DeOrio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: The Malerba calcaneal Z-osteotomy is an operative procedure to treat the hindfoot varus component of adult cavovarus deformity. Basic science studies support the corrective ability of this osteotomy. However, there have been no published midterm clinical and radiographic results. The purpose of this article is to describe the radiographic and clinical improvement in a series of patients treated with this osteotomy. Methods: A retrospective chart review identified 14 feet in 12 patients from January 2013 to August 2018 who met minimal follow-up criteria. Preoperative visual analog scale (VAS) scores, Foot Function Index (FFI) scores, and American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) scores were compared with postoperative scores. Preoperative Meary angle, calcaneal pitch, and hindfoot alignment were also compared with postoperative measurements. Complications and radiographic union were recorded. Results: At a mean of 80 months, VAS, FFI, and AOFAS scores improved from 7.86 to 1.64, 57.78% to 18.11%, and 39.57 to 80.71, respectively (all P <.001). At a mean of 15 months, Meary angle, calcaneal pitch, and hindfoot alignment improved from 11.14 to 6.64 degrees (P <.001), 30.93 to 27.43 degrees (P =.005), and 19.83 degrees varus to 8.50 degrees varus (P <.001). There was 1 nonunion and 1 postoperative sural nerve neuralgia, but both patients ultimately did well clinically. There were no instances of postoperative tarsal tunnel syndrome. All patients stated that they would have the procedure done again. Conclusion: The calcaneal Z-osteotomy is an effective method to treat adult hindfoot cavovarus deformity. All patients had good clinical outcomes with minimal complications. Level of Evidence: Level IV, case series.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalFoot and Ankle Orthopaedics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023


  • Malerba
  • Z-osteotomy
  • calcaneus
  • cavovarus
  • outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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