Identification of unknown hormones has traditionally involved utilizing a bioassay to initially detect the hormone and to follow its purification. However, radioreceptor assays may be more useful for this purpose by offering greater sensitivity and precision. A mineralocorticoid radioreceptor assay has been developed for use in conjunction with chromatographic separation of a urinary extract to detect the presence of unknown urinary mineralocorticoids. This assay utilizes competition of the unknown steroid and aldosterone for rat renal cytoplasmic mineralocorticoid receptors to enable mineralocorticoid quantitation in aldosterone equivalents. This assay provides 100 fold increase in sensitivity and a significant increase in precision over the commonly used adrenalectomized rat bioassay. The mineralocorticoid radioreceptor assay has been utilized to assay mineralocorticoid activity in chromatographic fractions of a urinary extract from rats with regenerating adrenals. A large area of mineralocorticoid radioreceptor activity has been identified which possibly represents an unknown mineralocorticoid contributing to the etiology of adrenal regeneration hypertension. This assay is applicable to other syndromes of postulated unknown mineralocorticoid excess, such as human low renin essential hypertension. In addition, similar radioreceptor assays are applicable for the initial detection of any type of hormone activity and for the subsequent purification and identification of this hormone.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)