Mitochondria produce reactive nitrogen species via an arginine-independent pathway

Zsombor Lacza, Andrey V. Kozlov, Eszter Pankotai, Attila Csordás, Gerald Wolf, Heinz Redl, Márk Kollai, Csaba Szabó, David W. Busija, Thomas F.W. Horn

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    31 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    We measured the contribution of mitochondrial nitric oxide synthase (mtNOS) and respiratory chain enzymes to reactive nitrogen species (RNS) production. Diaminofluorescein (DAF) was applied for the assessment of RNS production in isolated mouse brain, heart and liver mitochondria and also in a cultured neuroblastoma cell line by confocal microscopy and flow cytometry. Mitochondria produced RNS, which was inhibited by catalysts of peroxynitrite decomposition but not by nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitors. Disrupting the organelles or withdrawing respiratory substrates markedly reduced RNS production. Inhibition of complex I abolished the DAF signal, which was restored by complex II substrates. Inhibition of the respiratory complexes downstream from the ubiquinone/ubiquinol cycle or dissipating the proton gradient had no effect on DAF fluorescence. We conclude that mitochondria from brain, heart and liver are capable of significant RNS production via the respiratory chain rather than through an arginine-dependent mtNOS.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)369-378
    Number of pages10
    JournalFree Radical Research
    Volume40
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Apr 2006

    Keywords

    • DAF-2
    • DAF-FM
    • NOS
    • Nitric oxide
    • Nitric oxide synthase
    • ONOO

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry

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